Development of Smart Cities

The call was of connectivity, with the ever-increasing advancement of Internet devices of things (IoT), begins to transform the lives of the citizens and, consequently, of the place where much of them live: the cities. Currently, more than 50% of the population lives in the urban area, and it is expected that by the year 2050 this proportion will reach two-thirds.

As populations increase, cities will need to rely on automated, connected systems to ensure the quality of life of their inhabitants in a wide range of application areas - security, traffic control, energy management, health care, and supply systems of water, among others, which represents great challenges for administrators, operators and service providers of technology.

There are three main requirements for developing a smart city: education, vision and governance.

1. Education
Although there are many smart city projects in progress, the trend is new and cities should be educated to understand the meaning and know how to implement them. Part of this responsibility rests with the same equipment providers, software developers, network service providers and systems integrators, but it also concerns the cities themselves.

2. Vision
Regardless of size, a smart city develops best when those responsible for its planning adopt a comprehensive and comprehensive vision that includes the totality of human activity in each area, as well as municipal governments, schools, hospitals, resources, businesses, and people. However, many fall into the blunder of planning and budgeting without having a long-term vision.

In the early 2000s, some cities in the United States adopted LED light poles based on an energy-saving ROI, using a low-bandwidth wireless control system, which was simpler at the time. However, now that these cities want to deploy surveillance cameras at the same poles, the networks do not offer the backhaul bandwidth required to support them. Because of this, it will be necessary to deploy a network with a higher bandwidth, spending millions of dollars more.

Now cities are implementing one or two smart city apps, but it's critical to consider future bandwidth needs. The communication network is the basis of all Smart Cities, so cities must ensure that they have a high bandwidth network that supports any current or future application.

3. Smart Government
The next requirement for these cities is to possess an intelligent government. To develop a smart city requires a great interdepartmental collaboration, a challenge that most cities still face. The solution is to observe a city-smart horizontal platform where data from all sensors, cameras and other devices are gathered in one place and then downloaded by application programming interfaces (APIs) in the form of applications specific to each sector.

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